Ark of the Covenant
In my previous discussions of BABYLON THE GREAT, I examined the possibility that Rome was mystery Babylon. I also listed Jerusalem, Mecca, and New York city as possible candidates. Since Mystery Babylon is described as a city by the sea (Rev 18.17) and a city in the Wilderness(Rev 17.3), I believe we can eliminate New York City for not being in the Wilderness, and Jerusalem for not being close to a sea. I also believe Jerusalem is not Mystery Babylon because although the scriptures prophesy about the siege of Jerusalem, Jerusalem is never completely destroyed. The scriptures tell us that Christ will reign from Jerusalem at the beginning of his 1000 year reign (Isaiah 66.10 - 24, Zechariah 14.1-21). The most likely candidates therefore are Rome and Mecca. However, upon more careful examination of the evidence, which I have summarized below, I believe Mecca is the most likely candidate. We are told that the woman (city) rides the beast with seven heads and ten horns. In one of my previous discussions, I explained that the beast with seven heads and ten horns is a kingdom of ten nations that arises in the middle east in the latter days. It therefore makes sense that the woman (city) that is the head of the last kingdom (possibly a caliphate) is also located geographically in the Middle East.
  Criterion Rome Mecca Jerusalem New York City
1 Sits on many waters (Rev 17.1) ie. has influence that extends to many peopled, multitudes, nations, and tongues Yes Yes Yes Yes
2 Located in the Wilderness (Rev 17.3) No Yes Yes No
3 Drunken with the blood of the saints and with the martyrs of Jesus (in the past or during the great tribulation) Yes Possibly in the future (via beheading of those who refuse to accept the mark, Rev 20.4) Yes (Luke 13.33) No
4 Sits on seven mountains (Rev 17.9). Here's a list of cities claimed to be built on seven hills: Yes Yes Yes No
5 Great city which reigns (reigned or will reign) over the kings of the earth, Rev 17.8 Yes Possibly in the future Not in a literal sense Has some control via the UN
6 The kings of the earth have committed (will commit) fornication with her, Rev 18.3 Yes Yes Yes Yes
7 The merchants of the earth have waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies, Rev 18.3 Yes Yes Yes Yes
8 She has glorified herself and lived deliciously. She says in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow, Rev 18.7 Possibly Possibly Possibly Possibly
9 Their merchandise included:   REV18.12 The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, REV18.13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men. Possibly traded in all of the above at some time in the past Yes (to this day,Mecca still trades in sheep, camels, possibly slaves, and the souls of men Not sure about slave trade in Jerusalem Possibly traded in all of the above at some time in the past
10 The city is by a sea (REV18.19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.) Yes (right next to the Mediterranean sea) Yes (Mecca is right by the Red Sea) No Yes